The Secret Behind Who Determines Exchange Rates in India

It has been close to a decade since BookMyForex is assisting me in all my Forex needs. My trust & confidence in BookMyForex is such that in the past so many years, no other financial entity other than BookMyForex has dealt with all my Forex requests. Once I have raised a request, I rest assured that’s it’s in the right hands and gets done always with extraordinary service.

  • Prices rise when there are not enough goods, leading to a demand-supply gap.
  • To buy a US product or service, Indians need to first buy the dollars and then use those dollars to buy the product.
  • A number of factors are attributed to its devaluation, which includes its decreasing foreign-exchange reserves due to the central bank’s failure in protecting the currency.
  • Since India has been a net importer , the rupee has gradually depreciated over time.
  • They could also adjust the exchange rate in order to make a profit.
  • As the risk factor also determines capital movement, most countries give significance to the risk rating by international agencies like Moody’s, Fitch etc.

Banks do expect some profit to exchange operations and there is always some difference in buying and selling rates. All exchange rates by authorized dealers are quoted in terms of their capacity as buyer or seller. Iranian Rial is currently listed as the world’s cheapest currency.

Factors affecting Forex Prices:

As you can see from the points above, at present, the currency exchange rates in India are determined by market forces as India follows a floating exchange rate system rather than a fixed exchange rate system. Every country’s central bank primarily decides on the Interest Rates for that country. They are responsible for maintaining a healthy balance between a country’s economic activities, inflation targets, and exchange rates.

  • Most countries now adopt a mixed system of exchange rates where central banks intervene in the market to buy or sell the different currencies to control the movement of their own currencies.
  • Consequently, demand for the dollar goes up, and the rupee weakens against the US currency.
  • Once we have identified the regimes, we delve deeper into how the RBI managed the exchange rate across these regimes.
  • Rupee depreciation means that the rupee has become less valuable with respect to the dollar.It means that the rupee is now weaker than what it used to be earlier.

If imports from a country are higher than the exports from that country, then the demand of dollar will be higher than supply and the domestic currency like Rupee in India, will depreciate against the dollar. Similarly, if exports outpace the imports, then supply of dollar will exceed demand and Rupee will appreciate against dollar in India. In other words, if a country is having current account deficit, the local currency will depreciate against dollar while if it is having a current account surplus, the local currency will appreciate. The current account of a nation reflects the country’s financial situation.


Fixed exchange rate does not mean the value of the currency will not change. It means that the value of the currency will move in tandem with the currency or currencies to which it is pegged i.e. the ratio of the value of the currencies will be maintained. The exchange rate will not change every day but it may be reset on particular dates known as revaluation dates.

When was 1 dollar is equal to 1 rupee?

On 15th August 1947 the exchange rate between Indian rupee and US Dollar was equal to one (i.e., 1 $= 1 Indian Rupee). In terms of currencies, the exchange rate was pegged to pound sterling at Rs.

As a result, the overall inflation in India may accelerate at a faster pace than expected. Political tensions can also negatively impact the value of the currency. The value of a nation’s currency fluctuates primarily because it is based on supply and demand. If demand for any currency increases, its value also goes up . First, it provides stability in the markets, certainty about the future course of actions in the Foreign Exchange Market, and it eliminates the risk caused by the uncertainty.

FREE Credit Score in 1 Minute

The foreign exchange rate is an important factor in determining a country’s economic health. Currency depreciation is a decrease in the value of a currency in terms of its exchange rate when compared to other currencies. Currency depreciation occurs due to factors such as economic fundamentals, interest rate differentials, political instability, or risk aversion among investors.

Is INR free floating currency?

The Indian rupee is officially a free-floating currency although the Reserve Bank of India controls the exchange rate through open market operations; -buying and selling currencies in the FX markets-, and through regulations of capital flows in and out of the country.

For an economy which is already expanding slowly, a strong currency will worsen this economic slowdown. Factors such as supply, inflation, demand, and other economic factors will cause changes to a currency’s relative price. It is these modifications that ultimately determine the strength of a currency. A currency converter allows traders, investors, and speculators to compare the value of one currency against another. The values of the different currencies are determined based on the supply or demand of currencies and is automatically reflected in the online currency converter. Regulations covering currency exchange transactions were eased with the passing of the Foreign Exchange Management Act, which came into effect in June 2000.

What happens to your money when Rupee falls

It is because of the risk factor that despite high interest rates in Zimbabwe, most investors ignore it. You can use CreditMantri’s online currency conversion tool to get instant, accurate and constantly updated quotes on current currency exchange rates for leading currencies. The tool will enable you to get quick and free access to live currency rates as well as additional data that will help you with analysing currency trends. For instance, you can view graphs depicting currency prices over a period of time.

how currency value is determined

Second, flexible exchange rate is self-adjusting and therefore it does not devolve on the government to maintain an adequate foreign exchange reserves to stabilize the exchange rate. It is easy to use an online converter to get instant results on currency exchange rates. Currency conversion tools such as the CreditMantri Currency Converter , enable users to get quick and accurate results which are of vital importance in a market that is characterised by constant fluctuations. A country pursues a policy of devaluation to boost its exports as its products and services become cheaper to buy. In other words, the competitiveness of domestic exports improves in the foreign markets. Devaluation will not increase the foreign value of domestic currency.

Why Dollar is Higher Than Rupee?

Our imports from the US are more than what we export there. The dollars we get from the US are less than what we need to pay them for their goods. We need to buy how to transfer cif number online more dollars from banks that represent a small unit in the vast foreign exchange market. This is how the superiority got established, and the gap kept widening.

Dodaj komentarz

Close Menu